2020-07-05 15:54伊春科技 人已围观
中国稀见铜元之首-大汉铜币The first copper dollar rarely seen in China - Han copper COINS
辛亥(1911年)江西省造大汉铜币中心“赣”十文,为铜圆大十珍之一,背面有一划痕,美品,极为罕见,源于张璜先生旧藏,后为丁张弓良女士收藏,附丁张弓良手稿一份It is one of the ten treasures of the copper circle. There is a scratch on the back. It is very rare
江西省于光绪二十七年(1901年)二月设造币局于南昌,称谓“江西南昌府局”简称“昌局”,全国十七省共设二十局,各省均大量发行铜圆。以“光绪元宝”及满文书写“宝昌”,每枚铜元罗明“当十”或“当制钱十文”。背面用龙为图案,各省均采用此种图案,唯不同处即是局名及年份而已。In February of the 27th year of Guangxu Emperor (1901), Jiangxi province set up a coin making bureau in Nanchang, which was named "Nanchang Provincial Bureau" for short "Chang Bureau". There were 20 bureaux in 17 provinces in China, and copper COINS were issued in large quantities in each province. "Baochang" is written in "Guangxu yuan Bao" and Manchu, and each copper coin is "Dang Ten" or "Dang ten". The dragon motif is used on the back, which is adopted by all provinces, except the name of the place and the year.
辛亥年(1911年)革命军为推翻满清专制政府,全国各地掀起革命浪潮,响应武昌起义,江西省为最早发动革命,由同盟会同志联络新兵,进攻抚署,驱逐清兵,宣布独立。为痛恨清政府,抵制使用满清钱币,由革命份子设计在造币局铸江西省造“大汉铜币”一种。铜圆两侧用“辛亥”二字代表年份,中间以阴刻“赣”字代表江西省份,铜元背面以大小十八个圆形,代表全国十八行省,中间用太极图代表生生不息,中华民国永久生存之象。整个图案代表团结全国十八革命同志,复兴大汉民族,建立自由、平等、独立的中华民国。当经发行,通行市面。自发行用,引起清朝官员愤怒,认为未经报备,革命份子自铸选钱币,扰乱金融,乃即禁止通用,并将现品销毁,以致流通市面者极为稀少。据钱币专家调查结果载至目前为止,全世界所发现者,计日本东京银行一枚,英国及西德博物馆各藏一枚,香港藏家一枚,台湾收藏一枚,共仅此五枚而已,国父倡导革命,先后失败都十次之多,辛亥年十月十日武昌起义,一举而推翻满清,建立民主,此乃我国历史上空前唯一最光明璀璨之一页,民国元年为壬子年(1912年),元年铸有壬子“大清铜币”一种,通行市面。然建国前夕,起义成功而最堪纪念之辛亥年,所铸造之“辛亥”、“大汉铜币”,实为最有意义和最堪纪念而价值最高之稀世大珍品,惜流传不广,知者不多,特介绍之,以告同好。In 1911, in order to overthrow the autocratic government of the Qing Dynasty, the revolutionary army set off a wave of revolution all over the country and responded to the Wuchang uprising. Jiangxi province was the first to launch the revolution. In order to hate the Qing government and resist the use of Manchu COINS, revolutionaries designed by the Mint bureau in Jiangxi province to make "Big Han copper COINS". On both sides of the copper circle is the Chinese character "Xinhai" to represent the year, in the middle is the Yin inscription "Gan" to represent the Jiangxi province, on the back is the eighteen circles in size to represent the 18 provinces of the country, and in the middle is the symbol of the republic of China's perpetual existence. The whole pattern represents the unity of the country's 18 revolutionary comrades, the revival of the Han nation, the establishment of a free, equal and independent Republic of China. When issued, through the market. The use of self-issued COINS aroused the anger of officials in the Qing Dynasty. They believed that the revolutionaries chose COINS by themselves without reporting and disturbed the finance. Therefore, they banned the use of COINS and destroyed the existing COINS. According to coin expert survey results so far, the world's discovery, a bank in Tokyo, Japan, Britain and Germany all hide a museum, collectors one of Hong Kong, Taiwan, I collect a total only for five, father of the nation advocating revolution, has failed ten times, October 10th xinhai wuchang uprising, and overthrow the manchu at a stroke, the establishment of a democratic, which is unprecedented in the history of our country, the only one of the most bright page first year of the republic of China for RenZi years (in 1912), the first cast with RenZi "qing coppers" a, through the market. However, on the eve of the founding of the People's Republic of China, the success of the uprising and the most memorable year of 1911, the casting of the "Xinhai", "Han copper COINS", is the most meaningful and most memorable and the highest value of great treasures, cherish the spread is not widespread, not many people know, special introduction of it, to say good.
——《江西辛亥大汉铜币简介》 丁张弓良-- Ding Zhanggongliang, Introduction to Copper COINS of Xinhai, Jiangxi province
江西辛亥大汉铜币是全国最早的体现新生革命政权建立的铸币,它的问世距辛亥革命不过两个多月的时间。在当时,甚至连国号都没有,革命目的是模糊的。唯一可以确定的是推翻大清,而代之以大汉———至少在江西的革命者看来是这样。所以,他们毫不犹豫地用“大汉”取代“大清”,先于“中华民国”,坚决地把大清皇帝从钱币中赶下了龙庭。革命党人把“排满扬汉”的民族革命思想压铸在这枚铜币中。无独有偶,四川省在民国初年的各种面额铜币中,都突出地设计了一个大大的赏心悦目的美书“汉”字。The great Han copper coin of Xinhai jiangxi province is the earliest coinage reflecting the establishment of the new revolutionary regime in China. At that time, there was not even a national title, and the purpose of the revolution was vague. The only certainty was the overthrow of the Qing dynasty and its replacement by the Han, at least in the eyes of the Jiangxi revolutionaries. Therefore, they did not hesitate to replace the Qing dynasty with the "Big Han" before the "Republic of China" and resolutely drove the Qing emperor from the coin. The revolutionaries die-cast the national revolutionary ideology of "full of Yang Han" in this copper coin. Coincidentally, sichuan province in the early republic of China in the various denominations of copper COINS, are prominent in the design of a large beautiful book "Han" character.
“辛亥大汉铜币”正面中央铸一阴文“赣”字,外环铸“大汉铜币”四字及珠圈,上缘铸“江西省造”、下缘铸“当制钱十文”五字,两侧为“辛”“亥”两字。背面外环有九颗大星,九星下之梅花环内则是九颗小星,小星中间之小环内是太极图。魏金城说,18星图是辛亥革命时期革命军的军旗图案,象征当时18个省共同团结战斗。18颗星中间的太极图,象征中华民族的五千年文化源远流长。1911年10月10日,辛亥革命在武昌爆发,全国革命党人闻风响应,江西辛亥大汉铜币便是为纪念“辛亥革命”,取名“辛亥大汉铜币”主要是和当时“辛亥大清铜币”对应。On the front side of "Xinhai Da Han Copper coin", the Yin character "Gan" is cast; on the outer ring, the four characters "Dahan Copper Coin" and the bead ring are cast; on the upper edge, the five characters "Jiangxi Province made" and on the lower edge, the ten characters "When making money" are cast; on the two sides, the two characters "Xin" and "Hai" are cast. There are nine big stars in the outer ring on the back side, nine small stars in the plum blossom ring under the nine stars, and the small ring in the middle of the small star is the taiji diagram. Wei jincheng said that the 18 star map is the military flag of the revolutionary army during the 1911 Revolution, symbolizing the unity of the 18 provinces. The symbol between the 18 stars symbolizes the five-thousand-year long Chinese culture. On October 10, 1911, the Revolution of 1911 broke out in Wuchang, the National Revolutionary Party responded, Jiangxi Xinhai Copper COINS are to commemorate the "Revolution of 1911", named "Xinhai Copper COINS" is mainly corresponding to the "Xinhai Copper COINS" at that time.
该币有黄、红铜质之分,亦有背面衬以细密的网纹和无网纹之别。直径均为29毫米,重7.5克,系用机械冲压而成。在币的正面珠圈中央有实心圆内镌有一阴文的“赣”字,即:江西省之简称。四周对称有“大汉铜币”,外环上缘为“江西省造”,下缘为“当制钱十文”,左右分边则以干支作纪年的“辛亥”二字,字体均为楷书。The coin can be divided into yellow and red copper, with or without fine reticulate on the back. The diameter is 29 mm and the weight is 7.5 g. On the front of the coin, there is a solid circle in the middle, engraved with a Yin character "Gan", that is, the abbreviation of Jiangxi Province. Symmetrical around the "Han copper COINS", the outer rim for "Jiangxi Province made", the lower margin for "when the money ten text", the left and right side of the branch to the trunk for the years of "Xinhai" two characters, fonts are regular script.
江西辛亥大汉铜币铸行短暂,存世极少,为辛亥革命的珍贵文物,故使它永居中国稀见铜元之首。据所知,辛亥大汉铜币存世仅五枚而已,现将辨伪要点提供如下:The copper COINS of the Han Dynasty in Xinhai, Jiangxi province, were cast for a short time and rarely existed in the world. As far as we know, there are only five copper COINS in existence in xinhai Da Han Dynasty.
一,真品直径为二十九毫米,重七点五克;伪品则轻而小。1. The genuine article is 29mm in diameter and weighs 7.5 grams. Counterfeits are light and small.
二,真品铜质色泽淡红;伪品则铜质为深红。Two, genuine copper color light red; Counterfeit copper is dark red.
三,真品文字自然,币面中某些字则略有隐约不显现象;伪品则文字呆板,字字过于清楚。Three, the original text is natural, some words in the currency is slightly faintly does not show the phenomenon; Counterfeit text is inflexible, the word is too clear.
真品背面后九星之衔接处线条呈明显之坡形状,而伪品则呈隆起状。4. The line at the junction of the nine stars on the back of the original is clearly shaped like a slope, while the fake is shaped like a bulge.
This copper coin of Han Dynasty is worth 500000 yuan.